4/1/2020 | 16 MINUTE READ

3D Printing and Coronavirus: U.S. Additive Manufacturers Share Their Experiences

The COVID-19 outbreak has brought both setbacks and opportunities for American manufacturing. 3D printing companies share their stories. 

Editors’ note: The editors of Additive Manufacturing have heard from 3D printing businesses in the United States that have seen both positive and negative effects from the global COVID-19 pandemic. The stories range from increased orders as OEMs look to replace parts previously sourced from Asia, to new questions about social distancing and workplace policies. We are collecting these stories and will update this page with the newest information at the top as responses come in. If you have a story to share, email us

For more information on business conditions, see Gardner Intelligence. To find 3D printing services, see our Supplier Directory. For guidance on approaching coronavirus as an employer, we recommend the CDC website

(Responses may be edited for length/clarity.)

April 1, 2020

Long-Term Implications of Supply Chain “Friction,” and Getting Beyond Direct 3D Printing

There’s a little more friction between the links along the global supply chain today, and there’s going to be more pressure to look for simplified supply chain solutions. 3D printing is an option for companies that might need tooling but don’t want to go the traditional route of shipping from overseas. 

We have an expedited project right now related to the COVID response because of the PPE shortage. We still have a skeleton crew operating the lab, printing tools with the intent to allow us to quickly manufacture parts that will help relieve the shortage. We’re looking for a route to help transition from printing discrete parts — which is great early on, but then you start to hit that asymptote and can’t quite meet the demand that we’re starting to see across the States. We can be a catalyst to take those designs and spin them up in traditional forms of manufacturing to make tens of hundreds of thousands very quickly. —Josh Martin, Co-Founder and CEO, 3DFortify


March 31, 2020

Weekly Check-In: More Face Shields, Updates on Masks and Movement from the FDA

In our second video conversation, editor-in-chief Peter Zelinski and I take a look at new developments for 3D printing in the fight against COVID-19. Its usage for PPE has only grown, with concerted efforts by 3D printer suppliers and large manufacturers to produce face shields and more. At least one new design for a reusable N-95 mask has come to light. And, we’re seeing emergency use authorizations from the FDA, a sign that innovative 3D printed devices are welcome — but also an indication of the seriousness of the crisis. Watch the discussion. —Stephanie Hendrixson, Senior Editor, Additive Manufacturing


March 30, 2020

America Makes Opens Matchmaking Repository, Pathway to FDA Qualification

In a webinar held earlier today, America Makes executive director John Wilczynski said that the organization aims to be a “matchmaker” for additive manufacturers and healthcare providers. The group is collecting information from both parties with the goal of connecting hospitals with manufacturers who can help meet their needs.

"We're in a perfect position to bring the community together around a challenge. We can convene, coordinate and catalyze a community to address a specific problem,” Wilczysnki said.

The group’s COVID-19 activities also include a way to submit designs for 3D printed devices. Designs are being evaluated for viability by the VA, and can enter directly into a pathway for clinical use or FDA approval if required. —Stephanie Hendrixson, Senior Editor, Additive Manufacturing



March 27, 2020

FDA Publishes FAQs on 3D Printing for Medical Devices, PPE

The FDA has released a list of frequently asked questions in response to increased interest in 3D printed medical devices, masks, ventilators and other items to support coronavirus treatment. “While the FDA understands that 3D printing may occur to provide wider availability of devices during the COVID-19 public health emergency, some devices are more amenable to 3D printing than others,” the post reads. Manufacturers and facilities are invited to contact the Administration for more information about 3D printing specific items. —Stephanie Hendrixson, Senior Editor, Additive Manufacturing 


March 26, 2020

FDA Issues Emergency Use Authorization for 3D Printed Ventilator Component

Prisma Health in South Carolina announced that it has received emergency use authorization from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for a ventilator expansion device allowing a single ventilator to support up to four patients at once during times of acute ventilator shortages such as those being seen and anticipated with the COVID-19 crisis. More on the new 3D printed VESper device. —Peter Zelinski, Editor in Chief, Additive Manufacturing 


3D Printed Parts May Be More Expensive, But Help Keep Companies in Business

For companies who have gone overseas, their parts could be six to 12 months out. To recreate a conventional tool you’re talking about investing maybe $35,000 to $40,000. But in the interim, I can 3D print those parts from the same sort of materials that they’re using. It’s obviously a little more expensive, maybe $8 or $10 per part that might have previously cost 35 cents. But at least now, they can be supplied with parts. You’re either going to have a zero margin and lose money, or use this as a handicap to get people parts that they need in a few days. At least you’re getting product out, and you’re helping your staff. Once all this clears out, then you can start to ramp up and you have the capital to stay in business. —Jared Crooks, Founder, A.M. ToolBox LLC


March 25, 2020

Video Conversation Addresses Ventilators, PPE, Business Conditions

With so much news about coronavirus and 3D printing’s potential to help, Editor-in-Chief Peter Zelinski and I filmed a conversation this week to compare notes and try to put the news in context. We expect that this will be a recurring exercise, for as long as it makes sense.

You can find the video here. In this installment, we discuss ventilator parts, personal protective equipment (PPE) like respirators and face shields, and coronavirus’s impact on business conditions. —Stephanie Hendrixson, Senior Editor, Additive Manufacturing 


Situation Is “Increasing Opportunities” for Service Bureaus, AM Contractors

With the situation, we are seeing a slow up in machine sale activities. Most states are mandating only essential employees can work on-site, so that's bound to have an impact.  But, I see that as short term only.  The good thing is it's increasing opportunities with all the service bureaus I am involved with. And those who have positioned themselves to be additive manufacturing contract manufacturers are in a very good place right now. It’s opening doors and windows for us that didn’t used to exist from the service side of things. I think it’s going to be good for additive. —Ginger Ruddy, Senior Account Executive | Business Development, Cimquest


March 24, 2020

Tooling May Be a Better Solution Than Direct 3D Printing

In this coronavirus crisis, we are getting a lot of requests from thermoforming and plastic injection molding companies for our 3D printed tools. In some cases we are getting requests for mass production-level parts. Many of the needs right now are tens of millions of parts — direct 3D printing is possible, but not at these high volumes.

Traditional metal tools are capable of supplying high volumes of parts, but take weeks or months to produce. Because of the quick manufacturing and turnaround time, additive manufactured tooling is a perfect fit to the support the current situation we are all in. Catalysis FX tooling [made with sand binder jetting] is ideal for thermoforming of parts; 3D printed metal injection mold tools have a very fast turnaround time and should be considered for plastic injection molding. Additive manufactured tooling can be produced much faster than a traditional manufactured tool, and is an excellent bridge to supply parts quickly. —Rick Shibko, Director of Business Development, Catalysis Additive Tooling 


March 23, 2020

Medical Community Works to Receive AM’s Response to  Equipment Shortage

An addendum to the item below. I had the chance to join a conference call today involving hospitals, medical device makers and AM technology providers that addressed working with the manufacturing community at large to meet the looming emergency shortage of medical supplies. Making parts answers only part of the challenge. People on the call with me described the efforts underway to address other challenges, including:

  • Sterilization of reusable face shields such as those cited below. High-temperature sterilization might damage the shield; other approaches are being explored.
  • Quality control for incoming protective gear produced in many different places, to assure a wearer is not put at risk because of a product defect.
  • Logistics of receiving gear from many different sources, and distributing it to different hospitals in the right proportions.

The latter two items are potentially related. Organizations such as Amazon and FEMA have been approached as potentially being able to organize this part of the manufacturing response. PZ


3D Printers Aid in Shortage of Medical Protective Equipment

News is coming to us of 3D printing companies dedicating their efforts and capacity toward producing protective equipment for health care workers. The leader of Massachusetts General Hospital put out a call for exactly this help. Stratasys is working to address needs such as this, using its own capacity as well as drawing on the efforts of additive manufacturing companies volunteering to get involved. A husband-and-wife maker of custom 3D printers, Budmen Industries, is now working to produce 300 protective face shields in the couple's basement—Peter Zelinski, Editor-in-Chief, Additive Manufacturing

March 20, 2020

Can Manufacturers Help with Ventilators? Stay Tuned

Perhaps the most frequent question I am receiving right now from manufacturers: How can we get involved with ventilator production? How can we help? The simple answer for now is: I don’t know. As I described in this post on the ventilator shortage, just part-making capacity by itself likely isn’t the answer to the need or hope to produce ventilators quickly. Crowdsourcing of ventilator parts may or may not represent a viable portion of the answer. However, our other aim in posting and circulating that item on ventilators is to communicate that we reach a community of manufacturers, and that (to some extent, at least) we understand the nuances of the need involved. We will keep posting and circulating items along these lines as one of the ways to make clear, to anyone close to the ventilator problem who might be searching, that we can facilitate connections to manufacturers if and when ventilator makers see and define the need where outsourced or crowdsourced manufacturing capacity can help.

In response to one recent social media post on ventilators, manufacturer and 3D printing user Hummingbird Scientific posted this video on ventilators. As the Hummingbird president noted, a “non-trivial” piece of equipment. —Peter Zelinski, Editor-in-Chief, Additive Manufacturing


Supplier Map Visualizes 3D Printing Service Providers

In previous post I wrote about U.S. additive manufacturers who have been asked to make parts and tooling as a result of supply chain disruptions. These companies are serving customers that have experienced slowdowns in getting needed components first from Asia, and now potentially other parts of the world. 

The response to that post led me to take our existing directory of 3D printing service providers and visualize it into a public Google Map. If you are a business in need of a mold, end-use part, prototype, spare or replacement part to keep production running, take a look at the 3D printing service providers near you. One of them may be able to help.

(If you provide 3D printing services, you can add your company with this Google Form. I will import new data into the map as frequently as I can.) —Stephanie Hendrixson, Senior Editor, Additive Manufacturing 


3D Printing Service Bureaus Can Help “Resolve Supply Chain Disruptions”

We understand manufacturing is being affected by the outbreak of the coronavirus, as it impacts supply chains and causes interruption in operations. Using a 3D printing service bureau based in the U.S. can help resolve supply chain disruptions and enables manufacturers to keep producing their parts and products. Not only can we print production quantities at Avid, but we can leverage our in-house mechanical engineering team to reverse engineer and design parts and products for additive manufacturing. —Doug Collins, Co-owner, Avid Product Development

March 18, 2020

On the Post-Pandemic Horizon: Distributed and Additive Manufacturing

I think the future is more distributed manufacturing. Companies like Xometry and others can enable U.S. companies to tap into manufacturers all across the country. In the past, that visibility just wasn't available to customers. They just didn't know there was a great machine shop in North Dakota or in Utah, and that they have the ability not only to tap into those skills, but also to mitigate supply chain risks that rise up in these kind of situations. I think the increase use of additive and other advanced manufacturing will also tip the scales more towards a skilled workforce and there'll be less focus on the low-cost work, and so that will also help the United States. The percentage of your cost base to produce something will be less about the the hourly wage of the employee and more about equipment, skill and output.

The constant improvements of additive manufacturing technology and the trend towards mass customization will also cause more of a focus on smaller manufacturers because you won't need somebody who can make a million parts. Sometimes you need somebody who can chunk out five or ten thousand. That also plays really well for U.S. manufacturing.

I wouldn't say we have seen any widespread changes over the past two weeks in terms of of what is coming in on the additive side, (although) we've had a lot of inbound interest about printing respirator parts. I think the problem is that there are regulatory and other requirements that we need to work out for additive for some of these things. And it probably hasn't happened to a degree it should have for this emergency. I think this there will be a lot more work on that in the future. We've got a lot of inquiries about it. Randy Altschuler, CEO, Xometry


3D Printed Tooling, Automation Help Footwear Production Continue

As a domestic footwear 3D printing and injection molding manufacturer, Flowbuilt has experienced less dependence on foreign producers during this time, translating into less disruption in our business. If anything, brands are looking for new solutions which may offset the risk they see in their overseas supply chains. We have experienced a steady stream of inquiries and new projects beginning shortly after the aggressive tariffs were enacted last year. This has carried over into 2020 and we expect it to continue throughout the year.

Through collaboration projects with our brand partners we’ve driven innovation in the footwear creation process utilizing our HP Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) printers [for prototyping as well as] creating 3D printed injection tooling parts which is usually a CNC process on solid blocks of aluminum. The footwear industry is ripe for disruption in this area, and it feels like this is one of the innovations that will stick even after the current crisis.

Fortunately, our parent company Superfeet has implemented some smart remote work policies early in the situation which we have adopted. Besides cutting our face-to-face business development efforts during this time, we’ve reduced onsite staff to essential project-level personnel only. One of the benefits of a highly automated facility is that we can run the production with fewer bodies with less contact. Most other business operations can effectively be handled through remote connections. —Chuck Sanson, Director of Business Development, Flowbuilt Manufacturing

March 17, 2020

3D Printing Crowdsourcing to Help Overcome Supply Chain Shortages

In a public document titled “3D Printer Crowdsourcing for COVID-19,” more than 200 people from across the world have offered to help to produce vital hospital supplies amid the evolving COVID-19 outbreak. The idea came when a Northern Italian hospital needed a replacement valve for a reanimation device and the supplier had run out with no way to get more in a short time. An Italian company brought a 3D printer directly to the hospital and redesigned and then produced the missing piece.

I think this is a great idea to help hospitals care for an expected influx of coronavirus patients in times where there might be an inadequate supply of critical hospital equipment. This encouraging initiative of additive manufacturers shows their willingness to help, donate their manufacturing or design capacities in times of uncertainty — and the crucial role global networks can play in a global crisis. —Barbara Schulz, European Correspondent, Additive Manufacturing


3D Printing for Applications “That Do Not Typically Look to AM”

With the recent interruption to the supply chain due to the coronavirus, we’ve received requests to manufacture products that companies simply cannot get right now from China. We understand that a number of these customers have adopted “just in time” manufacturing processes and are carrying reduced inventory levels. While “just in time” manufacturing helps to reduce inventory and costs when manufacturing is running smoothly, it causes an immediate issue when products cannot be shipped or received.

Many of the requests we have received due to recent supply chain issues are for applications that do not typically look to additive manufacturing for design, production capacity or cost reasons. However, additive manufacturing solves their short-term product issue and allows them to keep or get product back on the shelves. —Ken Burns, VP Commercial, Forecast3D

March 16, 2020

Additive a Solution Where Standards, Material Supply Can Allow It

I heard from a senior manager with a company that supplies technology to additive manufacturing users. Off the record, he noted some of what he has been seeing with industrial 3D printing service providers in recent weeks. Many are seeing increases in business. He believes in some cases certifications or standards that would normally have ruled out additive manufacturing are being reevaluated for the sake of getting parts. One challenge with delivering on this new business: Additive manufacturing in some cases might have a supply chain extending to regions that have been affected, because raw material might come from China even though the part is printed in the States.

The business news for 3D printing in this time might actually amount to a net shift toward additive manufacturing for production as opposed to 3D printing’s more established uses. My source notes that while there are unexpected production opportunities arising from the virus situation, many larger companies are also making cuts to non-essential expenses during this time. Those cuts reduce the budget for prototyping. —Peter Zelinski, Editor-in-Chief, Additive Manufacturing


3D Printing Aids “Bridge Production of Necessities”

We have seen an increase in business from particular sectors that are suffering from supply shortage due to the slowdowns in Asia. We have also been working to aid in the bridge production of necessities such as face masks, which historically were manufactured with more traditional processes even though we have the capacity to produce them at 1,000 per day.

But, we have simultaneously seen a pausing of development and production of entirely new products. —Gabe Bentz, CEO, Slant3D


Service Bureaus “Ready and Willing to Help” 

About two weeks ago I sat down with economist Michael Guckes to film a video conversation about China’s production manager’s index (PMI) and ways that U.S. companies might look to 3D printing as a solution for supply chain disruptions. Since that story posted, I’ve heard from a handful of 3D printing service bureaus with open capacity, ready and willing to help. (If this describes you, reach out to be listed in our supplier directory.)

While the situation is serious and bound to get worse before it gets better, I’m encouraged by the ingenuity and can-do attitudes of additive manufacturers. The silver lining could be that more eyes are opened to the possibilities of 3D printing as a result of the challenges U.S. manufacturing is currently facing. —Stephanie Hendrixson, Senior Editor, Additive Manufacturing