Honeywell Earns FAA Certification for 3D-Printed Bearing
FAA grants certification for flight-critical, 3D-printed bearing housing used on the Dassault Falcon 20G maritime patrol aircraft.
Edited by AM Staff
Honeywell has created the first certified, flight-critical engine part using additive manufacturing. The part — a #4/5 bearing housing — is currently in production and was installed on an in-service engine. It is a major structural component in the ATF3-6 turbofan engine used on the Dassault Falcon 20G maritime patrol aircraft, which are used by the French Navy for patrol and search-and-rescue missions.
Designed by Garrett in the 1960s and certified in 1967, there are only about a dozen ATF3-6 engines still flying, which presents sourcing and supply chain challenges for operators of Dassault Falcon 20G aircraft. The #4/5 bearing housing is also a complicated part to manufacture — making it extremely costly for operators to replace due to the low quantity of orders placed. This challenge is combined with the high cost of tools needed to produce parts with traditional casting methods, where molten metal is poured into a mold and allowed to harden. With additive manufacturing, these parts can be printed much more quickly and in smaller quantities without the need for expensive tools. During this process, components are built from the bottom up, with layers of powdered metal fused on top of one another using a laser.
The company says that parts such as the #4/5 bearing housing are considered “safety-critical” or “flight-critical” by regulatory bodies, meaning they must always function properly. Malfunction or failure of these parts would pose a major threat to passenger and crew safety, and could cause significant damage to an aircraft. Safety-critical parts face increased scrutiny and must be approved by regulatory organizations such as the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) before they can be used on an aircraft, which makes the process from development to qualification a lengthy one.
Honeywell has been working closely with the FAA on the development and certification of multiple additive-manufactured components. These efforts have enabled the bearing housing to be the first component approved under the normal FAA delegated authority, further reducing the time for qualification.
Production is currently underway for the #4/5 bearing housing, with dozens more of the bearing housing expected to be produced by the end of 2020.
The Cool Parts Show, Episode 1: This Rocket Fuel Injector Is a Solid Part That Contains a Working Motor
Our new video series debuts with a look at a solid metal part made through additive manufacturing that was built with a motor embedded inside. The motor sealed within the part adjusts the rocket’s fuel mixture while the rocket is in flight.
GE Additive’s Ehteshami says, “To make these parts the ordinary way, you typically need 10 to 15 suppliers, you have tolerances, you have nuts, bolts, welds and braces.” With additive, “all of that went away.” The helicopter project is a detail in a story worth knowing.
The WAAM system has demonstrated the ability to produce a titanium aircraft part, but titanium in particular requires protection against oxidation.