Large-Format 3D Printer Builds Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Submarine
The U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy reported on July 20 that Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Manufacturing Demonstration Facility (ORNL MDF), in partnership with the Navy’s Disruptive Technology Lab, has created the military’s first 3D-printed submarine hull.
The Optionally Manned Technology Demonstrator is inspired by the submersible SEAL Delivery Vehicle (SDV). SDVs are typically used to transport U.S. Navy SEALs and their equipment to special operations missions. In the future, these vehicles will need to be manufactured faster and incorporate new designs to support each Navy mission.
The team was asked to build a 30-ft. proof-of-concept hull out of carbon fiber composite material. With four weeks to get the job done, the team used ORNL MDF’s Big Area Additive Manufacturing (BAAM), a large-format 3D printer that lays down a thermoplastic resin reinforced with chopped carbon fibers.
The cost of a traditional SDV hull ranges from $600,000 to $800,000 and typically takes 3 to 5 months to manufacture. Using BAAM reduced hull production costs by 90 percent and reduced production time to a matter of days.
In phase two, the Navy will create a second, water-tight version of the hull that will be tested in the wave pool at the NAVSEA Carderock Division in Bethesda, MD, US—a testing facility that mimics the most compromising conditions that ships and submarines might encounter in the ocean. Fleet-capable prototypes could be introduced as early as 2019.
A new Additive Manufacturing Factory focuses on aftermarket parts today in preparation for production parts in the future.
Separating 3D printing from high-temperature processing is part of how the company’s Metal X realizes a price less than established metal AM equipment.
Spirit AeroSystems recently began installing the Boeing 787’s first titanium structural component to be made through AM. The part is not critical but also not minor. I spoke with manufacturing leaders at Spirit about the meaning of the part and the way forward for additive in aircraft structures.